Michelangelo Buonarroti [Italian High Renaissance/Mannerist Painter and Sculptor, 1475-1564] Guide to pictures of works by Michelangelo Buonarroti in art ...
An Italian painter, sculptor, and architect of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Among many achievements in a life of nearly ninety years, Michelangelo sculpted the David and several versions of the Pietà , painted the ceiling and rear wall of the Sistine Chapel , and served as one of the architects of Saint Peter's Basilica , designing its famous dome. He is considered one of the greatest artists of all time.
The composition stretches over 500 square metres of ceiling  and contains over 300 figures.  At its centre are nine episodes from the Book of Genesis , divided into three groups: God's creation of the earth; God's creation of humankind and their fall from God's grace; and lastly, the state of humanity as represented by Noah and his family. On the pendentives supporting the ceiling are painted twelve men and women who prophesied the coming of Jesus, seven prophets of Israel, and five Sibyls , prophetic women of the Classical world.  Among the most famous paintings on the ceiling are The Creation of Adam , Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden , the Deluge , the Prophet Jeremiah , and the Cumaean Sibyl .
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Despite the imposing fame associated with Moses, no source mentions him until he emerges in texts associated with the Babylonian exile .  A theory developed by Cornelius Tiele in 1872, which had proved influential, argued that Yahweh was a Midianite god, introduced to the Israelites by Moses, whose father-in-law Jethro was a Midianite priest.  It was to such a Moses that Yahweh reveals his real name, hidden from the Patriarchs who knew him only as El Shaddai .  Against this view is the modern consensus that most of the Israelites were native to Palestine .  Martin Noth argued that the Pentateuch uses the figure of Moses, originally linked to legends of a Transjordan conquest, as a narrative bracket or late reductional device to weld together 4 of the 5, originally independent, themes of that work.   Manfred Görg  and Rolf Krauss ,  the latter in a somewhat sensationalist manner,  have suggested that the Moses story is a distortion or transmogrification of the historical pharaoh Amenmose (ca. 1200 BCE), who was dismissed from office and whose name was later simplified to msy (Mose). Aidan Dodson regards this hypothesis as "intriguing, but beyond proof."