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Now turn to some African American poetry to make further distinctions. Ask students to read Phillis Wheatley’s “ On Being Brought from Africa to America ,” Langston Hughes’s “ Mother to Son ,” and Rita Dove’s “ Parsley .” Have students identify what it is that each poet hopes to achieve in his/her poem. Earlier, I labeled Wheatley’s and Dove’s poems as protest, but they are distinctly different. Have students account for those differences. Can “Mother to Son” be considered a protest poem? If so, what makes it so? If not, what makes a designation of protest poetry inappropriate? What are the strategies that each poet uses to effect his/her objective?